Sindhi Wedding Customs

Sindhi Marriage Rituals are somewhat similar to a Hindu wedding, but set on a highly enthusiastic and lavish scale. Amongst the Sindhi community, there are special priests known as Mehraj who specialize in matchmaking and a Guryanni whose main job is to carry horoscopes of eligible boys and girls from house to house.

Sindhis originally hail from the Sapt Sindhu, the area of the Sindhu river. Sindhu is known as Indus river and is in Pakistan now. In the Vedic period, the Sindhis had developed a vast trading network across the area. Trade during the times was mostly by the river route and the Sindhu river was the lifeline of this route. Sindhis still remain a major business community, their skills having developed over generations. In the wake of partition, Sindhi Hindus migrated to independent India. Apart from a small number of landowners, the Sindhi Hindus in pre- partition Sindh belonged, predominantly, to the business and professional classes. Consequently, the Sindhi Hindu population was concentrated in and around metropolitan cities and townships.

North Indian Communities –Ritual &Customs Sindhi (Hyderabadi) Sanatan Dharam
Keywords:. Janya Kacchi Misri , Pucci Misri ,Mehendi ,Navgrahi ,Puja Sagari ,Garhi – Bukhi., Vanwa., Shaadi, Satavaro., Dattar
Janya: “Sacred thread ceremony”
Sacred yellow thread is put on the groom, and the ‘pujari’ or ‘maharaj’ (Brahmin priest) chants the ‘guru mantra’ (the ‘gayatri mantra’) into the groom’s ear. The sacred thread or ‘janayu’ is the symbol of a Hindu male.

Kacchi Misri: “Acceptance of the alliance”
This is a symbolic acceptance of the alliance between the parents of the bride and groom, wherein ‘shagun’ (token gifts) is exchanged.

  Pucci Misri:”The engagement”
This ceremony is usually performed in the Sindhi Temple, but in some cases it is also performed at home in the presence of a ‘pujari’. ‘Ganesha Puja’ is performed first followed by the ‘Ardaas’ (reading of the Sikh Holy Book – the Guru Granth Sahib). The couple exchanges rings.

Mehendi: “The henna ceremony”
The ‘mehendi’ ceremony is a light- hearted occasion with no religious connotation. Nevertheless, it is devoted to an important aspect of any marriage- the beautifying of the bride for the forthcoming nuptials.

Navgrahi Puja: “Invoking harmony within the planets”The ‘Navgrahi Puja’ is performed on the morning before the wedding. It is imperative for the bride’s ‘mama’ (maternal uncle), ‘chacha’ (paternal uncle) and brother to be present.
As per Sindhi tradition, all ‘pujas’ are performed in the groom’s home first and only then in the bride’s.

Wedding Sagari Sagari: “The groom’s relatives decorate the bride with floral jewellery”After the ‘Navgrahi Puja’ the ritual of ‘sagari’ follows the same evening. Members from the groom’s family come to the bride’s home or any other chosen venue and decorate her with a floral headdress, floral bracelets, and garlands.

 Garhi – Bukhi: A special ‘puja’ for the mothers of the bride and groom
This ritual is conducted in the homes of the bride and groom simultaneously.
For the ‘garhi’ – the mother places a ‘matka’ (clay pot) full of water on her head assisted by her son-in-law.

Vanwa: “Oil ceremony”The ‘vanwa’ is held immediately after the ‘garhi-bukhi’ if the wedding ceremony has been fixed for the next day.
Shaadi: “The actual wedding ceremony”On the morning of the wedding day, the bride’s sister, sister-in-law and a young male child go to the groom’s home in a decorated car carrying ‘muras’ (money, sweets, ‘misri’ and a coconut). They leave the bride’s trousseauinthe groom’s house and the bride’s sister-in-law performs.

Dattar: “The salt ceremony”
A ceremony typical only to the Sindhi community, it is performed after the bride is brought back home after the wedding, but sometimes even takes place at the venue of the reception.

Sindhi (Hyderabadi) Arya Samaj  

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