Punjabi Wedding

The Punjabis, known for their zest for life, vivaciousness and of course, the bhangra, know how to pull all stops when it comes to celebrating. And what better occasion to celebrate than a wedding in the family.Punjabi Wedding ceremony is an interesting ceremony full of several rituals and customs. The wedding preparations start day before the actual wedding ceremony. Overall, a Punjabi wedding is very vibrant and colorful. The wedding ceremony starts from the Chuda ceremony and at the groom’s place with Vatna ceremony. Like most of the Hindu wedding ceremonies, Punjabi wedding is also very ritualistic. If you are interested in knowing more about a Punjabi wedding, we have given a systemized list of rituals of Punjabi wedding ceremony in the following paragraphs.
Punjabi Hindu (Arya Samaj) WeddingThe Punjabi community is known  some common surnames:Arora, Malhotra, Chawla, Wadhw
Keywords: Rokna or Thaka  Sagai  Chunni Chadana , Mehendi ,Kangna Bandhana , Chuda Chadana Uptan , Sangeet , Ghodi Sajana ,Sehra Bandhi , Agwaani , Milni , Jaimala , Shaadi ,  Havan , Pani Grahan Sanskar, Shilarohan. , Lajahom,.  Parikrama , Saptapadi , Sprinkling water on the couple.,  Hriday Sparshmantra , Sindoor , Dhruvnakshatra , Arundhati Nakshatra ,  AshirwaadBidaai ,. Kangna Kholna , Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm ,. Reception
Rokna or Thaka: “Acceptance of the alliance “ is an important part of the Punjabi wedding although the ‘shagun’ now could be any amount of money – instead of the customary Rs. 1.25, which was so common in the olden days. After rokna ceremony then function for Sagai:Engagement” is decided in which basically rings are exchanged between the bride and the groom to be, in the presence of a ‘pandit’ or ‘pujari’, close friends and relatives. The wedding day would normally be fixed after the ‘sagai’.

Chunni Chadana: “Dressing up and blessing of the bride” This function is held at bride’s home in which some close female relatives form the groom’s home go the bride’s home with what is known as the ‘suhag ki pitari’ (a decorated basket containing gifts from the groom’s mother for the bride)
The ‘Mehendi’ celebration is a lighthearted affair with no religious connotation. It is usually held at the bride’s home and is a daytime function. Professional ‘mehendi’ artists or ‘mehendiwallis’ make intricate patterns on the hands and feet of the bride and her other female friends with the henna paste. Kangna Bandhana: “Tying of the symbolic bracelets on the couple’s wrists” On the morning of the wedding day, the bride and the groom (each in their respective homes), has to have the sacred thread or ‘mouli’ tied to the right
ChudaChadana: Adorning the bride with the ivory bangle presented to her by her maternal uncle only the bride’s family celebrates this ritual. The bride’s maternal uncle or ‘mama’, gifts her a red ivory bangle or ‘chuda’, which the maternal aunt or ‘mami’ will adorn her wrists with
 Uptan:The haldi ceremony” One day before the actual wedding, the bride and groom (in their respective homes) are cleansed with turmeric paste. This daytime ceremony prepares both of them for the nuptials.Sangeet’ is usually held after the ‘mehendi’ ceremony and is more of a ladies function,when all the ladies and unmarried girls from both sides congregate to have fun and frolic by dancing and singing traditional wedding songs.Ghodi Sajana:Decorating the mare” In most Punjabi weddings, the groom travels to the bride’s home mounted on a mare. The mare or ‘ghodi’ is traditionally decorated for this wedding procession.
Shaadi: “The vidhi or rites of Arya Samaj wedding ritualsMadhuperk: Once the bride and groom have entered the ‘mandap’ the Vedic rites begin, Kanyadaan: “Giving away the bride” The bride’s parents offer their daughter’s hand in marriage to the groom and he accepts it.Sanskar: “The groom vows to look after his wife” The groom stands up and takes his bride’s hand in his and chants mantras, promising to look after her till her old age and keep her happy at all times. Shilarohan: “Using the rock as a symbol of permanence” The bridegroom chants a ‘mantra’ and the bride’s mother places her daughter’s right foot on a stone.Lajahom: “Sacrifice offered to the sacred fire “‘Laja’ is puffed rice, a symbol of prosperity. The bride’s brother stands behind the couple while the couple faces each other.Parikrama: “Circumventions around the sacred fire” The couple goes around the sacred fire four times, each ‘parikrama’ (circumvention) strengthening the bond between them.Saptapadi: “Seven steps around the sacred fire”These are seven steps taken by the bride and groom together, each step has significance. Sprinkling water on the couple: “Invoking blessings from deities “Older members of the groom’s family sprinkle water on the couple while four ‘mantras’ are chanted by the ‘pujari’. Hriday Sparshmantra: Vows taken
The bride and groom place one hand on each other’s hearts and chant ‘mantras’ together. The meaning of these ‘mantras’ is – ‘ I am installing you in my heart from this day onwards; I will be loyal to you; this alliance is made in Heaven; let us ask the Almighty for His blessings’. Sindoor: The groom applies vermilion on the bride
‘Sindoor’ or vermilion powder is the sign of a married Hindu lady.. Dhruvnakshatra: “Viewing the Pole Star”The couple is now instructed to look towards the Pole Star (‘Dhruvnakshatra’) amidst the chanting of ‘mantras’.Arundhati Nakshatra: “Invoking blessings from Arundhati and Vashisht” Arundhati’ was the wife of the sage ‘Vashisht’. The ‘Arundhati’ and ‘Vashist Nakshatras’ are two stars joined together and appear as one at all times. Ashirwaad.
Bidaai: “Bridal send off “Before the bride leaves for her marital home, she either lights a ‘mitti ka diya’ (earthen lamp) in her parents home or turns on all the lights.Kangana Kholna: “Untying the bracelets”The bride and groom untie each other’s bracelets in the presence of all the relatives. There is a lot of teasing and fun and frolic at this time. The bride is required to untie her husband’s bracelet first.Mooh Dikhai ki Rasm: “Introducing the bride to her husband’s family”Literally translated this means the ‘showing of the bride’ to the groom’s family members, but in reality it is actually a form of introduction. The mother-in-law showers her ‘bahu’ (daughter-in-law) with jewellery, clothes and money at his time. The other close relatives of the family also offer her gifts and money.Reception: “Post wedding celebrations” A wedding reception is a concept borrowed from the West and is now an integral part of many Indian weddings. The parents of the bride and groom host a lavish dinner and invite as many friends and relatives to introduce the newly weds to the rest of the community. The reception is generally hosted in a hotel or banquet hall.

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