Brahmin Wedding Customs

Brahmins in India

The Brahmins in India were divided into two major groups based on geographical origin of the people. The Brahmin groups that lived to the north of the Vindhyas were referred to as Gowda Brahmins, whereas the Brahmins who lived to the south of the Vindhyas were referred to as Dravida Brahmins. Each group was further divided into five sections according to the regions of their settlement.

The five (Pancha) Gowda Brahmin groups were Saraswats, Kanyakubjas, Gaudas, Utkals, and Maithilas. The five (pancha) Dravida Brahmin groups were Andhras, Maharashtras, Dravidas or Tamils, Karnata, and Kerala Brahmins.

As the southern brahmins had domiciled in the south for long, the Saraswats who came to the South newly were described by the local brahmins as Gowda Brahmins in general (because they belonged to Panch Gowda group) and thus the prefix Gowda was added to the Saraswats who were from the Saraswat region.

Saraswat Brahmin Wedding Customs are
Rituals & Customs Saraswat Brahmin(Pai, Shenoy , Kamath, Nayak)

Naandi:  Nischaithambul:  Yedur Kansani: Phool-Mudi:  Urdha-Moorthu: Lagna: Chautanan:  Reception:

  Naandi:” pre-wedding puja” : Naandi is a ritual consisting of a puja cremony performed ten days prior to the actual wedding ceremony. The ‘puja’ is performed separately in both homes.
Nischaithambul: “Engagement” :This is the function announces the acceptance of both the families to the alliance held on day fixed by pujari.
Yedur Kansani: ‘Womenfolk from both families get acquainted with each other“This event is traditionally practiced so that the women from both families may get to know one another.the women from the bride’s family walk towards the groom’s relatives welcoming them with an offering of flowers, ‘kumkum’, ‘haldi’ and sprinkle rose water on them.
Phool-mudi:” Flowers and ring ceremony’ The father of the bride receives the groom at the entrance of the ‘pandol’ and the bride’s mother performs the traditional ‘aarti’ for him.Phool Mudi The bride is received by the groom’s mother, who adorns her hair with flowers, performs an ‘aarti’ for her and showers her with rice
Urdha-moorthu: “The bride and groom grind lentils on a stone grinder “Urdha-moorthu is a traditional and religious ceremony performed by the bride and groom in their respective homes. The bride seats herself next to a stone grinder and with the help of other unmarried sisters and cousins grinds the ‘urad dal’ (type of lentil) and ‘moong dal’ (type of lentil) on the round stone grinder. The groom and his family are invited to this function.Same is done in groom house.

Lagna: “The marriage ceremony “
The ‘lagna’ is the culmination of all the wedding ceremonies and rituals when the couple is finally united in holy matrimony. It consists of many pujas and rituals performed by two priests, one from each family. The bride’s brother fetches the groom from his home and brings him to the marriage venue in a decorated car. Chautanan: “Post wedding celebrations and rituals “Chautanan’ are a series of light hearted but nevertheless symbolic ceremonies. The first of these is when the bride makes the nuptial bed and places two new saris and two coconuts on the bed.Reception:” Post wedding celebrations “The wedding reception is a modern day concept borrowed from the West. A grand dinner accompanied by cocktails is hosted by the families to celebrate the marriage and to introduce the newly weds to friends and relatives.For more Rituals and Customs visit at


Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: