Sindhi Wedding Customs

November 6, 2009
Sindhi Marriage Rituals are somewhat similar to a Hindu wedding, but set on a highly enthusiastic and lavish scale. Amongst the Sindhi community, there are special priests known as Mehraj who specialize in matchmaking and a Guryanni whose main job is to carry horoscopes of eligible boys and girls from house to house.

Sindhis originally hail from the Sapt Sindhu, the area of the Sindhu river. Sindhu is known as Indus river and is in Pakistan now. In the Vedic period, the Sindhis had developed a vast trading network across the area. Trade during the times was mostly by the river route and the Sindhu river was the lifeline of this route. Sindhis still remain a major business community, their skills having developed over generations. In the wake of partition, Sindhi Hindus migrated to independent India. Apart from a small number of landowners, the Sindhi Hindus in pre- partition Sindh belonged, predominantly, to the business and professional classes. Consequently, the Sindhi Hindu population was concentrated in and around metropolitan cities and townships.

North Indian Communities –Ritual &Customs Sindhi (Hyderabadi) Sanatan Dharam
Keywords:. Janya Kacchi Misri , Pucci Misri ,Mehendi ,Navgrahi ,Puja Sagari ,Garhi – Bukhi., Vanwa., Shaadi, Satavaro., Dattar
Janya: “Sacred thread ceremony”
Sacred yellow thread is put on the groom, and the ‘pujari’ or ‘maharaj’ (Brahmin priest) chants the ‘guru mantra’ (the ‘gayatri mantra’) into the groom’s ear. The sacred thread or ‘janayu’ is the symbol of a Hindu male.

Kacchi Misri: “Acceptance of the alliance”
This is a symbolic acceptance of the alliance between the parents of the bride and groom, wherein ‘shagun’ (token gifts) is exchanged.

  Pucci Misri:”The engagement”
This ceremony is usually performed in the Sindhi Temple, but in some cases it is also performed at home in the presence of a ‘pujari’. ‘Ganesha Puja’ is performed first followed by the ‘Ardaas’ (reading of the Sikh Holy Book – the Guru Granth Sahib). The couple exchanges rings.

Mehendi: “The henna ceremony”
The ‘mehendi’ ceremony is a light- hearted occasion with no religious connotation. Nevertheless, it is devoted to an important aspect of any marriage- the beautifying of the bride for the forthcoming nuptials.

Navgrahi Puja: “Invoking harmony within the planets”The ‘Navgrahi Puja’ is performed on the morning before the wedding. It is imperative for the bride’s ‘mama’ (maternal uncle), ‘chacha’ (paternal uncle) and brother to be present.
As per Sindhi tradition, all ‘pujas’ are performed in the groom’s home first and only then in the bride’s.

Wedding Sagari Sagari: “The groom’s relatives decorate the bride with floral jewellery”After the ‘Navgrahi Puja’ the ritual of ‘sagari’ follows the same evening. Members from the groom’s family come to the bride’s home or any other chosen venue and decorate her with a floral headdress, floral bracelets, and garlands.

 Garhi – Bukhi: A special ‘puja’ for the mothers of the bride and groom
This ritual is conducted in the homes of the bride and groom simultaneously.
For the ‘garhi’ – the mother places a ‘matka’ (clay pot) full of water on her head assisted by her son-in-law.

Vanwa: “Oil ceremony”The ‘vanwa’ is held immediately after the ‘garhi-bukhi’ if the wedding ceremony has been fixed for the next day.
Shaadi: “The actual wedding ceremony”On the morning of the wedding day, the bride’s sister, sister-in-law and a young male child go to the groom’s home in a decorated car carrying ‘muras’ (money, sweets, ‘misri’ and a coconut). They leave the bride’s trousseauinthe groom’s house and the bride’s sister-in-law performs.

Dattar: “The salt ceremony”
A ceremony typical only to the Sindhi community, it is performed after the bride is brought back home after the wedding, but sometimes even takes place at the venue of the reception.

Sindhi (Hyderabadi) Arya Samaj  

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aryan wedding customs

November 6, 2009
In India, the wedding rituals and customs in any family are mainly based on the religion or community that the family follows. The community only decides the kind of wedding ceremony that a couple would have. There are many people in India who don’t believe in these specific and staunch rituals or grand and elaborate celebrations of the Hindu wedding function. For them, who are not so particular about the rules and regulations of their religion and community or want to keep their marriage a low key affair, Arya Samaj Marriage is a very convenient wedding option for them.
An Arya Samaj wedding is conducted by the Arya Samaj, founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswathi in any of its temple. The marriage in Arya Samaj wedding is performed as per Vedic rites and thus does not require any flamboyance. In fact, simplicity is the main essence of Arya Samaj wedding. Though the Arya Samaj weding is meant only for Hindus, any non-Hindu can also be allowed to undergo the marriage rituals if he undergoes the process of conversion through Shuddhi i.e. Purification.Shaadionline give some brief details on the rituals and customs performed in Arya Samaj Wedding.For More details Rituals and Customs log on

  Madhuperk:Once the bride and groom have entered the ‘mandap’ the Vedic rites begin, the first one being the ‘madhuperk’. The bride gives the groom water three times. The first time he sprinkles it in his feet, the second time he sprinkles it all over his body and the third time he drinks the water. ‘Madhuperk’ is a mixture of curds, ‘ghee’ or clarified butter and honey. The groom sprinkles a little bit of this in all directions and then eats it three times.Kanyadaan:” Giving away the bride”The bride’s parents offer their daughter’s hand in marriage to the groom and he accepts it.Havan: “Lighting the sacred fire”To invoke the blessings of ‘Agni’ or the God of Fire, the ‘pujari’ lights a sacred fire or ‘havan’ to the chanting of Vedic mantras. There are two types of ‘havans’ – the ‘sadharan’ (ordinary) or ‘vishesh’ (special). The ‘vishesh’ havan is the chanting of mantras and praying to all the ‘Divyashaktis’ or forms of God. The main ‘prarthana’ or prayer during the lighting of the ‘havan’ is the ‘prarthana’ of ‘grahast jivan’ (married life).
Pani Grahan Sanskar: “The groom vows to look after his wife”
The groom stands up and takes his bride’s hand in his and chants mantras, promising to look after her till her old age and keep her happy at all times. He accepts her as his ‘poshya’ (meaning that he will provide for all her needs). The bride and groom now take one ‘parikrama’ (circumvention) around the fire.Shilarohan:”Using the rock as a symbol of permanence”The bridegroom chants a ‘mantra’ and the bride’s mother places her daughter’s right foot on a stone. The rock is a symbol of stability, permanence and firmness. The bride’s position in the groom’s home is now permanent and together, the couple will face all of life’s challenges like two solid rocks.Lajahom: “Sacrifice offered to the sacred fire”Laja’ is puffed rice, a symbol of prosperity. The bride’s brother stands behind the couple while the couple faces each other. The bride places both her hands into the groom’s and her brother then puts the puffed rice into them. Together they offer this ‘laja’ as an ‘ahuti’ or sacrifice into the fire amidst the chanting of mantras.This ritual is performed three times and each time the mantras chanted have a different meaning. Parikrama: “Circumventions around the sacred fire”The couple goes around the sacred fire four times, each ‘parikrama’ (circumvention) strengthening the bond between them. The first three times the bride must lead the groom, as she is the embodiment of Goddess Lakshmi. It is only after the fourth ‘parikrama’ that she becomes the ‘ardhangani’ (wife) and is now her husband’s responsibility. After the completion of the ‘parikramas’ the ‘pujari’ ties the bride’s sari ‘pallav’ to the groom’s ‘angavastra’ (a scarf tied around the shoulders), with three knots.
Saptapadi:”Seven steps around the sacred fire”These are seven steps taken by the bride and groom together, each step has significance.Hriday Sparshmantra: “Vows taken”The bride and groom place one hand on each other’s hearts and chant ‘mantras’ together. The meaning of these ‘mantras’ is – ‘ I am installing you in my heart from this day onwards; I will be loyal to you; this alliance is made in Heaven; let us ask the Almighty for His blessings’.Sindoor: “The groom applies vermilion on the bride”’Sindoor’ or vermilion powder is the sign of a married Hindu lady. The groom applies ‘sindoor’ in the center parting of the bride’s hair and also ties the ‘mangalsutra’ around her neck.Dhruvnakshatra:” Viewing the Pole Star”The couple is now instructed to look towards the Pole Star (‘Dhruvnakshatra’) amidst the chanting of ‘mantras’. The Pole Star is always firm in its place and the vow means that ‘I will live permanently with you’.Arundhati Nakshatra: “Invoking blessings from Arundhati and Vashisht”Arundhati’ was the wife of the sage ‘Vashisht’. The ‘Arundhati’ and ‘Vashist Nakshatras’ are two stars joined together and appear as one at all times. Ashirwaad:”The blessing”Now that the marriage rites have been completed, the newly weds are blessed by all the elders. Everyone present showers coloured rice or ‘akshat’ on the couple.
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Brahmin Wedding Customs

November 6, 2009
Brahmins in India

The Brahmins in India were divided into two major groups based on geographical origin of the people. The Brahmin groups that lived to the north of the Vindhyas were referred to as Gowda Brahmins, whereas the Brahmins who lived to the south of the Vindhyas were referred to as Dravida Brahmins. Each group was further divided into five sections according to the regions of their settlement.

The five (Pancha) Gowda Brahmin groups were Saraswats, Kanyakubjas, Gaudas, Utkals, and Maithilas. The five (pancha) Dravida Brahmin groups were Andhras, Maharashtras, Dravidas or Tamils, Karnata, and Kerala Brahmins.

As the southern brahmins had domiciled in the south for long, the Saraswats who came to the South newly were described by the local brahmins as Gowda Brahmins in general (because they belonged to Panch Gowda group) and thus the prefix Gowda was added to the Saraswats who were from the Saraswat region.

Saraswat Brahmin Wedding Customs are
Rituals & Customs Saraswat Brahmin(Pai, Shenoy , Kamath, Nayak)

Naandi:  Nischaithambul:  Yedur Kansani: Phool-Mudi:  Urdha-Moorthu: Lagna: Chautanan:  Reception:

  Naandi:” pre-wedding puja” : Naandi is a ritual consisting of a puja cremony performed ten days prior to the actual wedding ceremony. The ‘puja’ is performed separately in both homes.
Nischaithambul: “Engagement” :This is the function announces the acceptance of both the families to the alliance held on day fixed by pujari.
Yedur Kansani: ‘Womenfolk from both families get acquainted with each other“This event is traditionally practiced so that the women from both families may get to know one another.the women from the bride’s family walk towards the groom’s relatives welcoming them with an offering of flowers, ‘kumkum’, ‘haldi’ and sprinkle rose water on them.
Phool-mudi:” Flowers and ring ceremony’ The father of the bride receives the groom at the entrance of the ‘pandol’ and the bride’s mother performs the traditional ‘aarti’ for him.Phool Mudi The bride is received by the groom’s mother, who adorns her hair with flowers, performs an ‘aarti’ for her and showers her with rice
Urdha-moorthu: “The bride and groom grind lentils on a stone grinder “Urdha-moorthu is a traditional and religious ceremony performed by the bride and groom in their respective homes. The bride seats herself next to a stone grinder and with the help of other unmarried sisters and cousins grinds the ‘urad dal’ (type of lentil) and ‘moong dal’ (type of lentil) on the round stone grinder. The groom and his family are invited to this function.Same is done in groom house.

Lagna: “The marriage ceremony “
The ‘lagna’ is the culmination of all the wedding ceremonies and rituals when the couple is finally united in holy matrimony. It consists of many pujas and rituals performed by two priests, one from each family. The bride’s brother fetches the groom from his home and brings him to the marriage venue in a decorated car. Chautanan: “Post wedding celebrations and rituals “Chautanan’ are a series of light hearted but nevertheless symbolic ceremonies. The first of these is when the bride makes the nuptial bed and places two new saris and two coconuts on the bed.Reception:” Post wedding celebrations “The wedding reception is a modern day concept borrowed from the West. A grand dinner accompanied by cocktails is hosted by the families to celebrate the marriage and to introduce the newly weds to friends and relatives.For more Rituals and Customs visit at


Punjabi Wedding

November 6, 2009
The Punjabis, known for their zest for life, vivaciousness and of course, the bhangra, know how to pull all stops when it comes to celebrating. And what better occasion to celebrate than a wedding in the family.Punjabi Wedding ceremony is an interesting ceremony full of several rituals and customs. The wedding preparations start day before the actual wedding ceremony. Overall, a Punjabi wedding is very vibrant and colorful. The wedding ceremony starts from the Chuda ceremony and at the groom’s place with Vatna ceremony. Like most of the Hindu wedding ceremonies, Punjabi wedding is also very ritualistic. If you are interested in knowing more about a Punjabi wedding, we have given a systemized list of rituals of Punjabi wedding ceremony in the following paragraphs.
Punjabi Hindu (Arya Samaj) WeddingThe Punjabi community is known  some common surnames:Arora, Malhotra, Chawla, Wadhw
Keywords: Rokna or Thaka  Sagai  Chunni Chadana , Mehendi ,Kangna Bandhana , Chuda Chadana Uptan , Sangeet , Ghodi Sajana ,Sehra Bandhi , Agwaani , Milni , Jaimala , Shaadi ,  Havan , Pani Grahan Sanskar, Shilarohan. , Lajahom,.  Parikrama , Saptapadi , Sprinkling water on the couple.,  Hriday Sparshmantra , Sindoor , Dhruvnakshatra , Arundhati Nakshatra ,  AshirwaadBidaai ,. Kangna Kholna , Mooh Dikhai Ki Rasm ,. Reception
Rokna or Thaka: “Acceptance of the alliance “ is an important part of the Punjabi wedding although the ‘shagun’ now could be any amount of money – instead of the customary Rs. 1.25, which was so common in the olden days. After rokna ceremony then function for Sagai:Engagement” is decided in which basically rings are exchanged between the bride and the groom to be, in the presence of a ‘pandit’ or ‘pujari’, close friends and relatives. The wedding day would normally be fixed after the ‘sagai’.

Chunni Chadana: “Dressing up and blessing of the bride” This function is held at bride’s home in which some close female relatives form the groom’s home go the bride’s home with what is known as the ‘suhag ki pitari’ (a decorated basket containing gifts from the groom’s mother for the bride)
The ‘Mehendi’ celebration is a lighthearted affair with no religious connotation. It is usually held at the bride’s home and is a daytime function. Professional ‘mehendi’ artists or ‘mehendiwallis’ make intricate patterns on the hands and feet of the bride and her other female friends with the henna paste. Kangna Bandhana: “Tying of the symbolic bracelets on the couple’s wrists” On the morning of the wedding day, the bride and the groom (each in their respective homes), has to have the sacred thread or ‘mouli’ tied to the right
ChudaChadana: Adorning the bride with the ivory bangle presented to her by her maternal uncle only the bride’s family celebrates this ritual. The bride’s maternal uncle or ‘mama’, gifts her a red ivory bangle or ‘chuda’, which the maternal aunt or ‘mami’ will adorn her wrists with
 Uptan:The haldi ceremony” One day before the actual wedding, the bride and groom (in their respective homes) are cleansed with turmeric paste. This daytime ceremony prepares both of them for the nuptials.Sangeet’ is usually held after the ‘mehendi’ ceremony and is more of a ladies function,when all the ladies and unmarried girls from both sides congregate to have fun and frolic by dancing and singing traditional wedding songs.Ghodi Sajana:Decorating the mare” In most Punjabi weddings, the groom travels to the bride’s home mounted on a mare. The mare or ‘ghodi’ is traditionally decorated for this wedding procession.
Shaadi: “The vidhi or rites of Arya Samaj wedding ritualsMadhuperk: Once the bride and groom have entered the ‘mandap’ the Vedic rites begin, Kanyadaan: “Giving away the bride” The bride’s parents offer their daughter’s hand in marriage to the groom and he accepts it.Sanskar: “The groom vows to look after his wife” The groom stands up and takes his bride’s hand in his and chants mantras, promising to look after her till her old age and keep her happy at all times. Shilarohan: “Using the rock as a symbol of permanence” The bridegroom chants a ‘mantra’ and the bride’s mother places her daughter’s right foot on a stone.Lajahom: “Sacrifice offered to the sacred fire “‘Laja’ is puffed rice, a symbol of prosperity. The bride’s brother stands behind the couple while the couple faces each other.Parikrama: “Circumventions around the sacred fire” The couple goes around the sacred fire four times, each ‘parikrama’ (circumvention) strengthening the bond between them.Saptapadi: “Seven steps around the sacred fire”These are seven steps taken by the bride and groom together, each step has significance. Sprinkling water on the couple: “Invoking blessings from deities “Older members of the groom’s family sprinkle water on the couple while four ‘mantras’ are chanted by the ‘pujari’. Hriday Sparshmantra: Vows taken
The bride and groom place one hand on each other’s hearts and chant ‘mantras’ together. The meaning of these ‘mantras’ is – ‘ I am installing you in my heart from this day onwards; I will be loyal to you; this alliance is made in Heaven; let us ask the Almighty for His blessings’. Sindoor: The groom applies vermilion on the bride
‘Sindoor’ or vermilion powder is the sign of a married Hindu lady.. Dhruvnakshatra: “Viewing the Pole Star”The couple is now instructed to look towards the Pole Star (‘Dhruvnakshatra’) amidst the chanting of ‘mantras’.Arundhati Nakshatra: “Invoking blessings from Arundhati and Vashisht” Arundhati’ was the wife of the sage ‘Vashisht’. The ‘Arundhati’ and ‘Vashist Nakshatras’ are two stars joined together and appear as one at all times. Ashirwaad.
Bidaai: “Bridal send off “Before the bride leaves for her marital home, she either lights a ‘mitti ka diya’ (earthen lamp) in her parents home or turns on all the lights.Kangana Kholna: “Untying the bracelets”The bride and groom untie each other’s bracelets in the presence of all the relatives. There is a lot of teasing and fun and frolic at this time. The bride is required to untie her husband’s bracelet first.Mooh Dikhai ki Rasm: “Introducing the bride to her husband’s family”Literally translated this means the ‘showing of the bride’ to the groom’s family members, but in reality it is actually a form of introduction. The mother-in-law showers her ‘bahu’ (daughter-in-law) with jewellery, clothes and money at his time. The other close relatives of the family also offer her gifts and money.Reception: “Post wedding celebrations” A wedding reception is a concept borrowed from the West and is now an integral part of many Indian weddings. The parents of the bride and groom host a lavish dinner and invite as many friends and relatives to introduce the newly weds to the rest of the community. The reception is generally hosted in a hotel or banquet hall.

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kashmiri wedding customs

November 6, 2009
Kashmiri Hindu Brahmin(Ritual & Customs)
The Brahmins of Kashmir are some common surnames: Kaul, Raina, Matoo, Tikoo, Dha

Keywords Gota:. Bhandawar: , Badia:, Shagun:,Mehenzeraat: , Phoolan ka gehna: Devgun: , Sanzvaru: , Seherabandi: , BaraatLagan:Posh Puja,Bidaai,Dahi bhaat,Garasun:

Gota: The making of thin flakes of pistachios, almonds and betel nuts Bhandawar: “Announcement of the wedding”
To announce that a wedding is going to take place in the family, mango leaves are strung on a strong cotton string and hung at the entrance of the home. This string of mango leaves is known as the “bhandawar”. Multani Mitti or white clay soaked in water and mixed with different colours, is used to paint floral designs called “krool” on the entrance wall to mark the auspicious occasion.
Badia Ceremony:”Acceptance of the alliance between both the families” Badias’ are small, sun-dried salted cakes with holes in the center. These are made out of’urad dal’ (lentil) flour, mustard seed oil and spices like coriander, ‘jaivitri’, ‘saunf’ (aniseed), nutmeg etc. Silver coins are placed in the holes of these ‘badias’ and the bride’s family, as an acceptance of the wedding between the two families then sends them across to the groom’s house.Shagun: “Delicacy fed to all the guests “For the Shagun ceremony the Vaza or cook, prepares a porridge made from rice and finely chopped intestines of the goat. This special delicacy is fed to all the guests and relatives. During the ‘Shagun’, ‘badias’ are cooked once again. The lady who prepares the dough for the ‘badias’ has a special task – in a terracotta dish she places the rice, ‘badias’, salt and money and holds this on her shoulder while she kneads the dough for the ‘badias’. This spread of rice, ‘badias’, salt and money is known as the “ZUNG”. The Zung is then given away to the poor and needy as a gesture of goodwill.Mehenzeraat: “Beautification of the bride or the henna ceremony “The ceremony of applying henna on the bride and the groom is always performed in the night. In earlier times the henna was applied only on the palms and the nails of the bride, with a mere blob dabbed on the feet. These days however, intricate patterns are created by professional ‘mehendiwallis’ all over the palms, forearms and on the feet right up to the ankles. The feast after the henna ceremony is a gala and grand dinner with several dishes made of sheep or goat meat. The Kashmiris consider chicken meat as taboo. No meat other than that of a goat or a sheep is served.
Phoolon ka gehn: “The bride is decorated with jewellery made from flowers.”The first formal acceptance of the confirmation of the wedding is sent from the groom’s family to the bride’s home in the form of jewellery made entirely from flowers. Fresh red roses and jasmine flowers are used to create necklaces, earrings, the ‘tikka’, braids for the bride’s hair, anklets, waist bands, also known as “tagadis”, arm bands or “bazubands”, and a special thumb ring called ‘arsi”. The “arsi” has a small mirror embedded in it to enablethe bride to look at herself.Devgun: “Ritual baths for the bride and groom”
This ritual is held simultaneously in the homes of the bride and the groom. Six unmarried girls tie ‘curds’ or yogurt in a muslin cloth and hold it over the heads of the bride and the groom and pour water through this to bathe them. Sanzvaru: “Decorating the bride” This is typically an evening function where the groom’s family sends a carved wooden chest containing a pashmina shawl and cosmetics for the bride. ‘Sanz’ means decorative and ‘varu’ means ‘things’. The wooden chest is wrapped with a heavily embroidered satin or velvet cloth with the words “Sada Suhagan” (wishes for the bride to live a long and happy married life) embroidered on it.Seherabandi:”Tying of the groom’s traditional headdress” The groom’s brother-in-law ties the traditional ‘pagadi’ or headdress and the ‘sehra’ or floral veil for the groom. The ‘pagadi’ is stitched form ‘banarsi silk’ fabric. During the tying of the ‘pagadi’ and ‘sehra’ the groom is made to stand on the entrance of the home where colourful designs have been made on the floor – this is known as the ‘Veghu’. All the elders of the family shower coins on to the ‘veghu’ after having taken them around the groom’s head a few times. This is done to keep away the ‘evil eye’ from the groom!Baraat: “Arrival of the groom and his family” The bride is adorned with all the jewellery given to her by her parents. They also present her with an ensemble called the ‘pucca panch daan’, literally translated, means 5 of everything: e.g. 5 bangles, 5 sets of earrings, 5 necklace sets and a ‘tagadi’ or waistband. A ‘veghu’ is created in the bride’s home and her maternal uncle or ‘mama’ carries her up to it. The groom arrives in a decorated car (horses do not form a part of Kashmiri weddings) up to the ‘veghu’ and is welcomed with the sprinkling of rose water. The couple is then escorted to partake of the grand vegetarian feast, hosted by the bride’s family. The groom eats on a silver plate and after that, the bride is fed from the same plate. The bride’s parents usually fast during this occasion. Lagan: “The actual wedding ceremony “After the gala vegetarian meal, the Guru performs the wedding ritual around the sacred fire. The couple takes the ‘pheras’ or seven steps around the fire, after which they are made to sit facing each other under a pashmina shawl. This is the Lagan same shawl, which was sent to the bride’s home by the groom’s family for the ‘Sanzvaru’ ceremony. They can now view each other in a silver mirror. The wedding ritual is very long and sometimes lasts the whole night! Midway during the ritual the couple is allowed to rest for about a half hour.Posh Puja: “Blessing the couple with flowers “
‘Posh’ means flower in Kashmiri. The morning after the wedding ritual, the couple is made to stand up to receive blessings from all the relatives. Members from the groom’s family stand near the bride and members from the bride’s family stand next to the groom. The couple is then blessed by one and all with the showering of rose petals.Bidaai: “Bridal send off “The bride stands on the ‘veghu’ and takes a few coins in her hands, which she throws over the top of her head. She is now ready to be escorted to her new home. Dahi bhaat: “Arrival of the bride in her new marital home “On arrival at the marital home the couple is made to sit on large, sturdy, upturned baskets and feed each other sweet rice and curd. At this point, the ‘Dejeharooh’ is removed and the bride is adorned with silver tassels or ‘Atahroo’, signifying that she is now a married lady.Garasun: “Bringing the bride back to her parents home for a day “
The bride’s brother and sister come to the marital home and escort the bride back to her parent’s home for one day. This ritual is known as the ‘garasun’. The bride wears all the jewellery given to her by her in-laws and proceeds to her parent’s home. The bride’s family prepares a lavish spread of non-vegetarian delicacies for the relatives from both homes. After the grand meal, the bride and groom return to the marital home, carrying with them all the gifts presented to the bride by her parents.

Kashmiri Shia Muslim

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Expert Advice

November 6, 2009
Expert Advice

Shaadionline provides the services of planning the budget, choosing the venue, the Décor design, the Menu, the Entertainment, Sequence of events and so much more.,ensuring that you get what you planned & paid for.Creating a Smooth & Hassle free function.Above all the services shaadionline presents some tips also which the requirement for bride and groom on their wedding day. If you are looking for advice on wedding related matters, you don’t have to go any further. Clear your doubts or find out more on a whole range of subjects. Whether it’s planning your wedding or designing your trousseau or pre-marriage counselling, choosing the right hairstyle or personality development, put your questions to eminent personalities in their fields.Shaadionline provides the servives of experts which are as follows:
Health Tips
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  5. I have pimples on my face. Do they come with stress, as I am getting married and am under duress. Is there any solution for this??

Jewellery Tips
Times are changing and so is our attitude. Attitude is all you wear.  You should know what to wear keeping fashion trends in mind .  It is your own time, own pace and own   space – celebrate it in style, either with simplicity with a minimalist look or the heady hedonistic ‘glitz and glam’. The ultimate luxury of the new millennium is that the information is just a click away.  So what’s in and what’s hot Rosily Paul Vadakkal tells you all.For Further details visit 


1. How can one start doing a jewellery design course?

  2. What style of mangal sutra is worn in north India?

  3. I would like to give a piece of jewellery to my fiancee on her birthday. She is tall, raven-haired, has black eyes and looks latin. Please suggest something suitable.

  4. I am fair with blue eyes and blonde hair. Please suggest the correct stones for an august wedding. I am wearing pastel shades in chiffon for my dresses.

  5. Is it compulsory to were jewellery during a wedding?

  6. Which stones would you suggest to match with outfits in deep green, red and cobalt blue?

Dress Designer
Wedding ceremonies are the most cherished moments in the life of an Indian bride or a groom They always dream to look their best on this special occasion when all eyes are set on be best at your wedding day by using the tips given by Shaadionline expert- Deepti Nanda.


1. I am 5’2 in height and 59 kg in weight. what should be my type of wedding dress to look slim.

 1. I am 5’2 in height and 59 kg in weight. what should be my type of wedding dress to look slim. – Rina M Amlani, March 20, 2008
Hi Rina, Looking at your vitae, you fall on the plumpy side. So while choosing your wedding trousseau your first choice should be a Lehnga Choli. Lehnga should be a fishtail in net, crepe or georgrtte, while choli should be a long length one with a slightly deep neck showing a bit of cleavage for a slimmer look. Drape duppatta in such a way that it flows from shoulder to knee. Make sure that that your complete trousseau is in single bright color to give your personality an instant uplift. Wish you a gorgeus look on your special day.

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Destination Wedding

November 6, 2009
A destination wedding is a wedding held in a setting away from your hometown. Oftentimes, a destination wedding and the honeymoon are celebrated in the same venue.Having a destination wedding is an amazing way to start your life together as a couple. Your destination wedding will not just be a one day celebration with your family and friends but instead vacation filled with memories.India Offers The best Destination For the Exotic weddings,to make event remember. Shaadionline offers you complete wedding packages starting from the the planning of the wedding, till your last guest leaves.Shaadionline gives you facility of organizing your wedding either in Royal wedding theme or in Beach wedding concept.
Royal Weddings in Rajasthan Wedding in Rajasthan: The princely charms and the pleasing etiquettes of this city of Kings and royal families will surely amuse your guests in all its warm welcoming ways. Thus, with the backdrop of palaces and forts one can actually experience the exuberance of palace weddings which is surely to be remembered for life.Royal Wedding in UdaipurUdaipur, the ‘City of Lakes’, is known for its exquisitely original palaces and historic venues of The City Palace complex. Shaadionline today offering heritage palace-hotels and historical venues for a memorable once-in-a-lifetime ‘Royal Wedding’.Shaadionline provides the places in Udaipur are:

  • Jagmandir Island Palace
  • Durbar Hall
  • Zenana Mahal
  • Manek Chowk
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Royal Wedding in Jodhpur :Jodhpur is set at the edge of the Thar Desert. This imperial city echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. In the past, it was the capital of the Marwar state, founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha – the chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs. A high wall -10 km long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions encompasses the city. It was once a major trade center. Jodhpur is now the second largest city of Rajasthan.
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Royal Wedding in Jaipur:Sawai Jai Singh came to the throne of Amer in 1699, at the tender age of 11 years and showed signs of his brilliance even at that early age. He faced many difficulties but overcame each, and thus proved a strong and able ruler who could establish peace and stability. By 1725, he decided to build a bigger city Jaipur – and moved his capital from Amer to Jaipur
Beach Wedding in Goa
A simple ceremony at a secluded beach. Turn your dreams of a romantic wedding on the beach into reality on the beautiful, romantic and affordable with shaadionlineDreaming of a Goa beach wedding? Goa has some of the most exotic beaches and arranging a Goa beach wedding would be a great idea. A beach wedding calls for outright celebrations. One can’t imagine anything else, but fun. A different and a unique wedding ceremony would be loved by both, the groom and the bride. Goa is an ideal venue for beach wedding. People from all over the world are attracted towards Goa beach weddings due to its incredible natural beauty has various ideas about how to arrange a Goa beach wedding.

Shaadionline presents you Sun, sand and fun…..! Get married at exclusive and private beach resorts creating an exotic theme such as the Carnival Nite, Caribbean show or the Rastafarian event. You just can’t go wrong on any of them…

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Bunt Wedding Rituals And Customs

November 6, 2009
The word Bunta in Tulu language implies a powerful man or a soldier.  The community of Bunts (anglicized from Buntas), also referred to as Nadavas, form an important and integral part of the socio economic culture of Tulu nadu, in coastal Karnataka.  They share Tulu nadu with other prominent ethnic groups like the Billavas, Mogeras, Brahmins, Konkanis, Catholics and Jains.
Surnames of Bunt (Bhandary, Rai, Shetty, Adappa,)
Keywords:Nischitartham:  Mehndi: . Mangalasnana:  Murthasaese: Muhurtham or lagnam: Dharemaipuna/dhareyeruna: Homam: Saptapadi: Sanmana oota and Mamiseike: Reception:
Nischitartham: “The Engagement ceremony”
The men folk from the bride’s family proceed to the groom’s house carrying a silver platter laden with betel leaves, betel nuts and flowers to confirm the date and time of the forthcoming wedding
Mehndi: “The Henna Ceremony”This modern day ceremony is held separately in both homes ‘mehendiwallis‘ being invited to weave intricate designs on the hands and feet of the bride and her close female friends and relatives
Mangalasnana: “A Ritual bath”The ‘mangalasnana’ ceremony is held separately in both homes one day before the wedding.
The groom’s cousins and other close family relatives apply turmeric and coconut milk on his face, body and arms before taking bath.A similar ceremony is held at the bride’s home.
Murthasaese:” The bride and groom are blessed by their families and close friends” This ritual is once again conducted separately in both homes and takes place after the ‘tulsi puja’.The bride’s maternal uncle and aunt slip silver toe-rings on her feet. The eldest ‘sumangali’ (married lady) distributes red and green glass bangles to all the women present. The bride has to wear black, red and green bangles. The groom goes through a similar ritual – where his maternal uncle’s wife or his paternal aunt adorns his feet with silver toe-rings.
Muhurtham or lagnam: “Commencement of the wedding ceremonies “According to tradition the elders in the Bunt community usually officiated during the marriage ceremony.
The bride’s aunt performs the traditional ‘aarti’ in his honour and the bride’s mother follows it up by performing the ‘deepa aarti’ (welcome ritual performed with lighted lamps) for him.The ‘pujari’ requests the groom’s sister and her husband or a cousin to hold the hands of the bride and groom and lead them around the ‘diyas’ (lamps) and the ‘mantap’. After this the couple enters the ‘mantap’ and after a ‘puja’ is performed, they exchange garlands.
Dharemaipuna / dhareyeruna: “The wedding ceremony “
The bride’s parents in the presence of her maternal uncle, his wife and elders of her family perform this ceremony. A silver or brass ‘chembu’ (vessel with a spout) filled with holy water is held by the bride’s parents and taken to all the elders of both the families for their blessings.
Homam: “Sacred fire sacrifice” Though not traditional to the Bunt community, this ceremony has now become a practice amongst many families. The ‘pujari’ lights the sacred fire and a ‘homa’ or sacrifice is performed amidst Vedic chants. The bride’s brother puts fistfuls of puffed rice into the hands of his sister and the groom, which they in turn offer into the sacred fire each time they go around it, namely three times.
Saptapadi: “The seven steps around the sacred fire” The groom holds the bride’s hands and together they take seven steps around the fire. With each step the bride has to tip over small heaps of rice with her right foot and repeat the seven marriage vows along with the groom.
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Bengali wedding customs

November 6, 2009
Bengali wedding

Ashirbaad : Al Buddo Bhaat Gai Halood / Haldi Uptan. Shaka Paula Boijotri  . Potto Bastra. The Wedding.  Shubh Dhristi / Exchange of : b) Kanyadaan. c) Hasta Milap  Sindoordaan Bashar Ghar. Vidaai. Bride’s Reception. Bahu Bhaat  Reception. Phool Sajjaya

The Ashirbaad: “The engagement”
engagement ceremony is not a religious function but gathering of both families having discussions, negotiations and the fixing of marriag date.Gai Halood / Haldi Uptan:”Anointing the bride and groom” The ‘Gai Halood’ takes place on the dawn of the wedding day. A paste of turmeric and scented oils is applied on groom.This is a function filled with fun and laughter, where his relatives, especially the girls, mercilessly tease the groom! The same paste is then sent across to the bride’s home for her ‘Gai Halood’ ceremony, which is much more elaborate. .
Shaka Paula: The bride is adorned with coral and shell bangles by ‘sumangalis’.According to this seven married women or ‘sumangalis’ adorn the bride with coral and shell bangles.Boijotri:” The wedding procession”The bride’s maternal uncle comes to fetch the bridegroom, his family and friends and escorts them to the wedding venue.
Potto Bastra: “Welcoming the groom” Groom is welcomed with boron containing a lamp honey,yoghurt & betel leaves by the elders of bride family & presented with Shawl & .dhoti.The wedding: “Actual wedding rites divided into following segments”:Shubh Dhristi / Exchange of garlands: “The couple exchanges garlands” Her face is covered with betel leaves, which are moved apart to enable the couple to make eye contact for the ‘shubh dhristi’ (auspicious ‘viewing’ of each other).The couple now exchanges garlands and the groom proceeds to the ‘mandap’ (marriage platform) followed by the bride.Kanyadaan: “Giving away the bride “Amongst Vedic chantings the bride’s parents symbolically hand over their most precious gift, their daughter, to the bridegroom.Hasta Milap: “Tying of the marital knot” The hands of the couple are tied together in a symbolic knot and the bride is officially handed over to her husband-to-be.Saptapadi:” Seven steps around the sacred fire” The couple takes the seven steps of matrimony around the sacred fire.Sindoordaan: “The groom applies vermilion on the bride” Groom applies the ‘sindoor’ or vermilion powder on the parting in the hair of his bride to establish her marital status.Bashar Ghar: “The groom stays back in the bride’s home” Groom stays back in the bride’s home without his family members. The following day is spent at his in-laws amidst a lot of teasing and entertaining by the younger generation in the ‘bashar ghar’ or ceremonial room.
Vidaai:” Bridal send off” ‘vidaai’, the bride takes leave of her parental homeBride’s Reception: “Welcoming the bride in her marital home “On entering the home, mother-in-law gives her daughter-in-law a fish (in the olden days is used to be a live fish!) to hold, while she waits for the milk to boil over (symbolizing a house overflowing with food and affection). Bahu Bhaat: “Formal acceptance of the bride by her in-laws” Bride is formally accepted by all her husband’s relatives through the formality of the ‘Bahu Bhaat’. Reception: Post wedding celebrations”The groom’s family generally hosts the wedding reception, which is a formal function to introduce the newly weds to family and friends. Phool Sajjaya: “The bride is bedecked with jewellery made from flowers” On the third night after the wedding ceremony, the bride is bedecked with floral jewellery, a custom very special to the Bengali community.
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wedding planner

November 6, 2009
you’re newly engaged, wedding planning might seem incredibly exciting, incredibly daunting, or both. Shaadionline wedding planner provide personalized and innovative wedding services. Shaadionline’s wedding planner is one of the most trusted and respected wedding planners in the country that provide complete wedding solutions.ith the help of Event Planner which helps you keep track of all the functions and ceremonies, their dates, locations and associated requirements.
Event Planner: Shaadionline has the event planner who made your wedding as special as you want it to be.Event Planners.Event Planner which helps you keep track of all the functions and ceremonies, their dates, locations and associated requirements
To Do List:Shaadionline provides you a very nice facility of to do list which consist of time & date schedules of task, which you can assign to your family members & friends
Calendar:.In calender Shaadionline provides the in formation for events,functions,ceremonies of your wedding.
Event Tracker: Shaadionline provides you avery special facility to monitor your wedding online.Event Tracker gives all information regarding your wedding functions and their completion dates.
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